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How to prevent contact surface infection at your salon

The education series of salon hygiene practice is brought to you by LTA School of Beauty. It is purely purported to educate and guide the salon managers and staff to understand and maintain salon hygiene. This is the 3rd article of four part series of Salon Hygiene Practice.

In the previous article we learnt about cross infection and how to prevent it. To read about " How to prevent cross infection at salon", please visit the link https://www.beaupal.com/en/blog/how-to-prevent-cross-infection-at-your-salon.htm.

This edition we would look at infection which are spread through inanimate Secondary Contact Surfaces and how to prevent spread of infection.

When clients goes to salon for beauty services they come in contact with various inanimate objects at all three stages of their services , that is before during and after their services.

All those equipments/implements which are needed to provide beauty services to clients could be classified as primary or essential contact surfaces while all other objects which comes in contact with clients and does not form part of the service equipments are secondary contact surfaces.

Secondary contact surface: Some of the surface interface which clients would be exposed to in their service cycle are

  • Reception Area: Couch/chairs in waiting area, telephone/computers
  • Wash Room: Every contact surface including door handles, wash basin surface and water tap knobs
  • Treatment Area: Chair/bed, gowns, towels, capes and service station furniture, tubs


Good salon hygiene procedure should follow decontamination process to prevent infection.

Contamination is a process where surface get soiled due to dust, dirt, cosmetic product residue, skin/nail/hair debris. Decontamination is the process of removing substances which could harbour harmful microbes like bacteria, virus fungus and/or destroy them.

It involves three things namely

  1. Cleaning
  2. Disinfecting
  3. Sterilizing

1. Cleaning

Cleaning is a process of removal of visible debris in every surface of salon which could harbour microbes. It does not destroy these microbes however it ensures prevention of breeding ground for them. Some of the cleaning practises are:

  •  Usage of hard surface wipes which is ideal for removing workstation and equipment dusts
  •  Spray products in trigger bottle
  •  Detergent in warm water for cleaning most of  the surfaces
  •  Scrubbing of equipments
  •  Sweeping and moping frequently to avoid  residue build up

2. Disinfection

Disinfection is a process of reducing harmful germs to a level that it doesn’t cause infection. Disinfection without cleaning   will not be effective.Every surface and reusable items in salon must be disinfected. Surfaces could be categorized into two as below:

  •  Hard surface example metal, fibre, wood etc 
  •  Porous surface like clothes

Products which are ideal for disinfecting hard surfaces are the ones used in hospitals (hospital disinfectants). While the ones that are best suited for porous items are Isopoply and Ethyl alcohol. Ideally surface should remain wet with disinfectants for at least 10minutes for it to be effective.

Most salon chairs and couches are made from PVC and vinyl they are easy to clean however care must be taken to avoid using alcohol to clean such surface as it would react with these materials and develop cracks which in turn will breed microbes.

These days manufacturers do clearly label their products as cleaning agents for disinfection against bacteria, virus and fungus. Bleaching solution are also good disinfectants besides Isopoply  and Ethyl alcohol as mentioned earlier

3. Sterilization

Sterilization means in process of destruction of all micro organisms including spores. Steam sterilization is the preferred method of sterilising salon equipments. It is quick, non-toxic and highly effective way when used correctly.  It is ideal for those equipments which are reusable, non porous.


Proper procedure of cleaning, disinfecting and sterilization followed by salons would ensure better client and employee health which is in the long term interest of salon business.

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